Sapphire necklace pendant

For other uses, see .

Diamond and garnet necklace

A necklace is an article of that is worn around the . Necklaces may have been one of the earliest types of adornment worn by humans. They often serve , , , or purposes and are also used as symbols of wealth and status, given that they are commonly made of precious metals and stones.

The main component of a necklace is the band, , or cord that wraps around the neck. These are most often rendered in precious metals such as gold, silver, and platinum. Necklaces often have additional attachments suspended or inset into the necklace itself. These attachments typically include pendants, lockets, amulets, crosses, and precious and semi-precious materials such as , , , , , and .

Contents

Historical Necklaces[]

Neolithic Talc Necklace

Prehistoric neckware[]

Prehistoric peoples often used natural materials such as feathers, bone, shells, and plant materials to create necklaces, but by the metallic jewelry had replaced pre-metallic adornments. Necklaces were first depicted in the statuary and art of the , and early necklaces made of precious metals with inset stones were created in Europe.

Broad collar beaded Egyptian necklace of the 12th dynasty official Wah from his Theban tomb

Ancient civilizations[]

In , were often strung and worn as jewelry. In , necklaces were made of , , , and , which was also made into gold . created necklaces and beads from gold, silver, lapis lazuli and carnelian. In , a number of difference necklace types were worn. Upper-class Ancient Egyptians wore of organic or semi-precious and precious materials for religious, celebratory, and funerary purposes. These collars were often ornamented with semi-precious, glass, pottery, and hollow beads. made from a variety of precious and semi-precious materials were also commonly strung together to create necklaces. Gold that was fashioned into stylized plant, animal, and insect shapes were common as well. s were also turned into necklaces. In necklaces were worn by all classes; peasants wore stones on flax thread while the wealthy wore beads of agate, , carnelian, , and . Pendants shaped into birds, animals, and humans were also worn, in addition to paste beads.

A polychromatic Greek necklace with butterfly pendant

In , delicately made gold necklaces created with and plaited gold wires were worn. Most often these necklaces were ornamented with blue or green enameled rosettes, animal shapes, or vase-shaped pendants that were often detailed with fringes. It was also common to wear long gold chains with suspended and small containers of perfume. New elements were introduced in the ; colored stones allowed for poly-chromatic pieces, and animal-head and spear-like or bud shaped pendants were hung from chains. used to create granulated gold beads which were strung with glass and faience beads to create colorful necklaces. In necklaces were among the many types of worn by the Roman elite. and necklaces were often ornamented with foreign and semi-precious objects such as , , , , and . In addition, ropes of pearls, gold plates inset with enamel, and lustrous stones set in gold filigree were often worn. Many large necklaces and the materials that adorned the necklaces were imported from the .

Later in the empire, following invasions, colorful and gaudy jewelry became popular. In the , ropes of pearls and embossed gold chains were most often worn, but new techniques such as the use of allowed for necklaces with brighter, more predominant gemstones . The Early Byzantine Era also saw a shift to distinctly jewelry which displayed the new Christian iconography.

Timeline of non-classical European necklaces[]

2000 B.C.E- 400 C.E: Bronze amulets embossed with coral were common. In and Europe, the most popular necklace was the heavy metal , made most often out of bronze, but sometimes out of silver, gold, or glass or amber beads.

4th-century BC buffer-type torc from France

400 C.E.- 1300 C.E:

Early European groups favored wide, intricate gold collars not unlike the torc. often wore gold and silver pieces with complex detailing and inlaid with colored glass and semi-precious stones, especially garnet. Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian groups worked mainly in silver, due to a deficit of gold, and wrought patterns and animal forms into neck-rings. In the necklaces were uncommon, though there are a few records of diamond, ruby, and pearl necklaces. It was not until the adoption of lower necklines later in the that necklaces became common.

1400 C.E.-1500 C.E: During the it was fashionable for men to wear a number of chains, plaques, and pendants around their necks, and by the end of the 15th century the wealthiest men would wear great, shoulder covering collars inlaid with gems. Women typically wore simpler pieces, such as gold chains, or strung beads or pearls. By the end of the period, larger, more heavily adorned pieces were common among the wealthy, particularly in Italy.

1500-1600 C.E: Long pearl ropes and chains with precious stones were commonly worn. In the latter half of the century, natural adornments, such as coral and pearl, were joined with enamel and metals to create intricate pendants. Heavily jeweled, delicately framed cameo pendants were popular as well., last worn commonly in , also made a resurgence at this time.

1600-1700: Few men in the period wore jewelry, and for women necklaces were unsophisticated, often a simple strand of pearls or delicately linked and embellished strands of metal with small stones. Later in the century, after the invention of new diamond cutting techniques, priority was for the first time given to the jewels themselves, not their settings; it was common for jewels to be pinned to black velvet ribbons. Miniatures also grew in popularity, and were often made into pendants or .

1700-1800: Portrait pendants were still worn, and in extravagantly jeweled settings. The newly wealthy delighted in jewelry, and the new imitation stones and imitation gold allowed them more access to the necklaces of the time. In the early part of the century, the dominant styles were a velvet ribbon with suspended pendants and the rivière necklace, a single row of large precious stones surrounded by other precious stones. By mid-century colorful, whimsical necklaces made of real and imitation gems were popular, and the end of the century saw a neo-Classical resurgence. In the gowns often featured a neck ruffle which women accented with neck ribbons rather than traditional necklaces, but some women did wear inlaid with rubies and diamonds. Seed pearls were introduced to the United States during the , leading to an increase in lacy pearl necklaces.

1800-1870: The low necklines of the fashionable at this time led to the use of large necklaces set with precious jewels. In court that ancient Greek style was fashionable, and women wore strands of pearls or gold chains with cameos and jewels. In the necklaces were extravagant: it was fashionable to wear a tight, gem-encrusted collar with matching jewel pendants attached and rosettes of gems with pearl borders. It was also common to wear jeweled es attached to neck ribbons. Some necklaces were opulent that they made to be dismantled and reconfigured into a shorter necklace, brooches, and a bracelet. Highly embellished Gothic style necklaces from England reflected the crenelations, vertical lines and high relief of the cathedrals. popularized bare with multiple necklaces on the throat, shoulders, and bosom. There was also an interest in antiquity; mosaic jewelry and Roman and Greek necklaces were reproduced. Machine made jewelry and electroplating allowed for an influx of inexpensive imitation necklaces.

1870-1910: The saw a resurgence of pearl necklaces, in addition to a dog-collar style of necklace made of gold or platinum with inset diamonds, emeralds, or rubies. The movement inspired symbolic, abstract designs with natural and animal motifs. The materials used - glass, porcelain, bronze, ivory, mother of pearl, horn, and enamel - were not used for their value, but for their appearance.

1910-1970: popularized , and ropes of glass beads were common.The movement created chunky, geometric jewelry that combined multiple types of gems and steel. By the 1960s costume jewelry was widely worn, which resulted in seasonal, ever-changing styles of necklaces and other jewelry. Real jewelry that was common in this period included wholly geometric or organically shaped silver necklaces, and precious gems set in platinum or gold necklaces inspired by the time of the .Love beads (a single strand of stone or glass beads) and pendant necklaces (most often made of leather cords or metal chains with metal pendants) popularized and worn mostly by men.

Classifying necklaces[]

Necklaces are typically classified by length .

Necklace length diagram 35 centimetres (14 in) to 41 centimetres (16 in) long and sits high on the neck. Princess necklace A princess necklace is 45 centimetres (18 in) to 50 centimetres (20 in) long, longer than a choker, but shorter than a matinee. Matinee necklace A matinee length necklace is 56 centimetres (22 in) to 58 centimetres (23 in) long — typically a single strand that rests at the top of the . Opera necklace An opera necklace is 75 centimetres (30 in) to 90 centimetres (35 in) long and sits at the breastbone. Rope necklace A rope necklace is any necklace longer than opera length. Lariat necklace A lariat is a very, very long variation on the rope, without a clasp, often worn draped multiple times around the neck; the ends can be crossed over, looped, or knotted in various ways. This type of necklace sometimes incorporates a loop at one or both ends to allow it to be worn in the style of a , or it may be worn doubled over with the ends passed through the loop formed in the middle.

Gallery[]

  • Tiffany Opal Necklace

  • Minoan Gold Necklace (Archmus Heraklion)

  • Napoleonic-era Diamond Necklace

  • Emerald Necklace

  • Carnelian, Limestone, and Quartz Egyptian necklace

  • Gold Ancient Byzantine Necklace with Pendants

  • Gold and Glass Vandal necklace, c. 300 AD

  • Necklace with Relief Pendant

  • Silver necklace 600-650 AD

  • Frankish Glass Bead Necklace

  • Gold and Platinum Necklace

  • German Metal Necklace

  • Necklace made from crochet lace, pearls, and sterling silver.

  • Gold and Platinum French Necklace

  • Glass Necklace

  • Rosaline Pearl Necklace

  • Dirce Repossi White Gold and Diamonds Necklace

  • Gold Roman Necklace with Pendant Coins and Braided Chain- Walters 571600

See also[]

Further reading[]

Jewelry 7,000 Years ed. Hugh Tait.  .

Jewelry Through the Ages by Guido Gregorietti.  .

20,000 Years of Fashion: The History of Costume and Personal Adornment by Francois Boucher.  .

References[]

  1. Davenport, Cyril (1902). "Journal of the Society for Arts, Vol. 50, no. 2595". The Journal of the Society of Arts. 50 (2595): 769–780. :.  .
  2. Gerlach, Martin (1971). Primitive and Folk Jewelry. New York: Dover Publications.  .
  3. ^ Bigelow, Marybelle (1979). Fashion in History. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Burgess Publishing Company.  .
  4. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  5. ^ Tait, Hugh (1986). Jewelry: 7,000 Years. New York: Abradale Press.  .
  6. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  7. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  8. Patch, Author: Diana Craig. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  9. ^ Lightfoot, Author: Christopher. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
  10. ^ Gregorietti, Guido (1969). Jewelry Through the Ages. New York: American Heritage.  .
  11. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  12. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  13. . The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-11-08.



Похожие новости


Diamond encrusted shoes nick cannon 2018
Plus size long sleeve maxi dress 2018
Black sparkly heels 2018
Vanessa hudgens the budget babe 2018
Wedding dress styles 2018